Losing hair is normal phenomenon in which we tend to lose about 100 to 150 hairs everyday as a part of natural replacement process of the body. The normal loss is soon accompanied by a re- growth and one does not think about it too.
But when there is excessive hair loss, we start thinking of how to overcome this.
There are many misconceptions about why it takes place and if we want to stop it, it is important to understand the reasons for it in order to take corrective measures to contain it.
The main reasons of hair loss can be broadly classified into the following –
- Diseases and illness
- Mechanical damage
Hair Loss Due To Hormonal Changes
This is one of the most common causes of thinning due to this are:
- Genetic effect – This type of hair loss shows more disposition towards occurring in men and hence is also known as the male pattern baldness; it does affect even women in certain cases. It occurs due to the higher levels of certain male hormones called androgen DHT or the Dihydrotestosterone which has an effect on the hair follicles.
- During childbirth – This is generally a temporary phenomenon that occurs during and after the childbirth. There is a marked increase in Belle hair loss within 2 to 3 months of child birth. It happens because of the hormonal changes in the body that a woman undergoes childbirth but gets resolved completely within 6 months thereafter.
- Birth control pills – Since birth control pills have a direct effect on hormones, women who consume them at a younger age show a marked increase in their hair loss.
Hair loss due to illness and diseases
It is important to understand that hair follicles are very sensitive and respond immediately to any imbalance that happens in our body. Hence, when we have any disease or illness it affects the hair follicles as they stop growing new hair.
This is of course a temporary condition as it soon reverts to normal after the illness or deceased is over.
The major locations in hair loss during disease or illness are seen in cases of:
- High fever
- Deficient diet
- Strong medications
- Treatment for cancer chemotherapy or radiation
- Iron deficiency of iron
- Any major surgery or chronic illness
- Alopecia Areata – Indian system reacting to our hair follicles
- Any fungal infection on the scalp
- Stresses of any kind
Loss of head due to mechanical damage
It may be hard to believe; but due to our ignorance, many of us have hair loss problems that can easily be avoided. We must realize that a simple thing like being stressed up often leads to people pulling at their hair in despair without even realizing the consequences that it causes damage to the follicles; which in turn affect the re-growth of hair.
Besides hair pulling or Trichotillomania, the two very common things that we can avoid to ensure preventing damage our hair the most and are actions like styling, bleaching, straightening or braiding the hair for prolonged periods.-
- Weaving of braiding the hair – it is increasingly becoming fashionable amongst many youngsters to get their hair braided this in itself is not a big problem that can lead to hair loss that’s what generally happens is that because of making these braids too tight it was a constant pressure on the hair follicles which can lead to a hair loss in the long term.
- Hair styling – The use of colors and many other chemicals like dies and bleachers is increasingly becoming common. What we do not realize is that finally all these chemicals tend to affect our skin at our scalp and also the hair follicles; leading to hair loss in the long term and hence we should use it very sparingly.